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Volume 58, issue 2
Arch. Anim. Breed., 58, 365-372, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-58-365-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Arch. Anim. Breed., 58, 365-372, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-58-365-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Short communication 07 Oct 2015

Short communication | 07 Oct 2015

Utility of several microsatellite markers for the genetic characterisation of three ex situ populations of threatened caprine taxa (Capra aegagrus, C. cylindricornis and C. falconeri)

E. Levý1, L. Putnová2, R. Štohl3, K. Svobodová1, J. Matoušková1, J. Robovský4, J. Lamka5, I. Vrtková2, and M. Ernst1 E. Levý et al.
  • 1Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
  • 2Department of Morphology, Physiology and Animal Genetics, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic
  • 3CEITEC – Central European Institute of Technology Brno, University of Technology, Technická 3058/10, 61600 Brno, Czech Republic
  • 4Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 1760, 37005 České Budějovice, and Liberec Zoo, Masarykova 1347/31, 46001 Liberec, Czech Republic
  • 5Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Heyrovského 1203, 50005 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Abstract. Caprines belong to the most endangered group of mammals and artiodactyls suffering from many negative human impacts. Fortunately, many of them are protected and managed by national and international legislation and in situ and ex situ conservation actions. Although many microsatellite markers have been developed for wild and domestic caprines, they remain uninvestigated in respect of their utility for some taxa. We examined the utility of the International Society for Animal Genetics microsatellite set for genetic characterisations of three wild and one domestic Capra species from captive or semi-captive ex situ populations in Europe. Our data suggest the utility of this microsatellite set for detecting shared and species-specific alleles, characterising the genetic variability, and determining phylogenetic relationships and intraspecific structures in investigated taxa. We detected a depleted genetic variability in Capra falconeri and Capra cylindricornis in European ex situ populations; unrelated individuals are therefore needed for improving genetic variability parameters, as they are for the extralimital population of Capra aegagrus in the Vřísek game reserve (Czech Republic), for which we identified no genetic introgression from the domestic goat and great dissimilarity with some analysed individuals from European zoos. Current results here indicate some difficulties with the historical evidence, for example with respect to the origin and purity of particular individuals under breeding programmes.

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Caprines belong to the most endangered group of mammals suffering from many negative human impacts. We detected a depleted genetic variability in Capra falconeri and Capra cylindricornis in European ex situ populations; unrelated individuals are therefore needed for improving genetic variability parameters, as they are for the extralimital population of Capra aegagrus in the Vřísek game reserve (Czech Republic), for which we identified no genetic introgression from the domestic goat.
Caprines belong to the most endangered group of mammals suffering from many negative human...
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