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Volume 54, issue 6 | Copyright
Arch. Anim. Breed., 54, 600-606, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/aab-54-600-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  10 Oct 2011

10 Oct 2011

Native pig (Moo Lat) breeds in Lao PDR (Short Communication)

S. Keonouchanh1, I. Egerszegi2, J. Ratky2, B. Bounthong1, N. Manabe3, and K.-P. Brüssow4 S. Keonouchanh et al.
  • 1Livestock Research Center, National of Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), Vientiane, Lao PDR
  • 2Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (ATK), Herceghalom, Hungary
  • 3Animal Resource Science Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan
  • 4Department of Reproductive Biology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany

Abstract. Pig production continues to be an important livelihood activity in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) which base on traditional methods. However, it is increasingly affected by social and market pressures. More than 80 % of pig herds are native breeds and belong to smallholders with combined keeping systems. Based on a national field survey, the native pigs have been characterized and classified in four phenotypes. The native pig types and their local distribution are described. Most of them have short ears, black colour and potbelly. Their production performance, i.e. growth rates and daily weight gain is lower and the carcass fat considerably higher than that of exotic (i.e. in Lao terms »modern, intensive«) breeds. However, they require lower inputs and have excellent adaptation traits.

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