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Archives Animal Breeding Archiv Tierzucht

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Arch. Anim. Breed., 54, 600-606, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
10 Oct 2011
Native pig (Moo Lat) breeds in Lao PDR (Short Communication)
S. Keonouchanh1, I. Egerszegi2, J. Ratky2, B. Bounthong1, N. Manabe3, and K.-P. Brüssow4 1Livestock Research Center, National of Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), Vientiane, Lao PDR
2Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (ATK), Herceghalom, Hungary
3Animal Resource Science Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan
4Department of Reproductive Biology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany
Abstract. Pig production continues to be an important livelihood activity in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) which base on traditional methods. However, it is increasingly affected by social and market pressures. More than 80 % of pig herds are native breeds and belong to smallholders with combined keeping systems. Based on a national field survey, the native pigs have been characterized and classified in four phenotypes. The native pig types and their local distribution are described. Most of them have short ears, black colour and potbelly. Their production performance, i.e. growth rates and daily weight gain is lower and the carcass fat considerably higher than that of exotic (i.e. in Lao terms »modern, intensive«) breeds. However, they require lower inputs and have excellent adaptation traits.

Citation: Keonouchanh, S., Egerszegi, I., Ratky, J., Bounthong, B., Manabe, N., and Brüssow, K.-P.: Native pig (Moo Lat) breeds in Lao PDR (Short Communication), Arch. Anim. Breed., 54, 600-606,, 2011.